This Is Not Yellow

author Vsauce   5 years ago

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Michael Stevens on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/Tweetsauce

Jake's channel: http://www.youtube.com/jakechudnow

Pizza trails: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2161488/Secret-corpse-flights-pizza-boy-delivery-routes-daily-commute-Stunning-aerial-images-reveal-seen-America.html

and

frog horse: http://educ.jmu.edu/~johns2ja/illusion/froghorse.gif

Food patterns: http://www.ignant.de/2012/05/11/cookie-connection/

Cool submission on color visio and real vs. "fake" color: http://www.reddit.com/r/woahdude/comments/ygmi4/lasers_exploding_rocks_on_mars_to_look_at_their/

How LCD screens show color: http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/lcd5.htm

Best LCD explanation video on YouTube (sub to this guy ftw): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jiejNAUwcQ8

Electric vs Process yellow: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellow#Electric_yellow_vs._process_yellow

Cone cells: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cone_cell

Lemon battery: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lemon_battery

Electricity from apples ART: http://www.thisiscolossal.com/2012/08/photographer-caleb-charland-wires-apple-trees-fruit-baskets-and-stacked-coins-to-create-alternative-batteries/

Apple LED VIDEO: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VcNKtjCA3Jc

Steven Shaheen light bulb people: http://www.mymodernmet.com/profiles/blogs/stephen-shaheen-headlight

Merve Kahraman's revitalizer wax lamp: http://www.ignant.de/2012/08/22/revitalizer/

Fukusada wodden light bulb: http://hypenotice.com/design/wooden-light-bulb-by-fukusada/10/

Tang Yau Hoong: http://tangyauhoong.tumblr.com

Frame climbing wall: http://www.ignant.de/2012/08/23/alice-climbing-wall/

Minimal LEGO art: http://wildammo.com/2012/03/19/when-lego-meets-minimalistic-cartoon-characters/#7

couple and hidden baby: http://educ.jmu.edu/~johns2ja/illusion/baby.jpg

Zebras and lions: http://educ.jmu.edu/~johns2ja/illusion/illusions0908/rust_hiddenlion.jpg

clever billboard ad: http://wildammo.com/2011/07/08/creative-and-amusing-ads-on-buildings/

xkcd "When Will We Forget?" http://laughingsquid.com/charting-the-years-that-young-people-will-start-to-forget-things/

Year book face: http://theclearlydope.tumblr.com/post/28452072426/this-school-is-beautiful

tesselation: http://educ.jmu.edu/~johns2ja/illusion/catbird.gif

*BONUS* crayon pixel art: http://www.mymodernmet.com/profiles/blogs/thousands-of-crayons-form-pixelated-portraits

Follow Michael Stevens: https://twitter.com/tweetsauce LEARN MORE and, in order of appearence: Watch Molly dance! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_jljYAXLaus Javier: http://www.youtube.com/user/werevertumorro Loka: http://www.youtube.com/user/LeMondedeLoka Great web exhibit on the causes of color: http://www.webexhibits.org/causesofcolor/ "color" vs "colour": http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_and_British_English_spelling_differences#-our.2C_-or Study on mirror color: http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA523782 Bad Astronomy on Mirror-color: http://www.badastronomy.com/mad/1996/mirror.html Great series of mirror tunnels: http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikedefiant/452440663/in/photostream/ Origins of color terms: http://www.worldwidewords.org/articles/colour.htm Origin of "black": http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=black&allowed_in_frame=0 xkcd's color survey: http://blog.xkcd.com/2010/05/03/color-survey-results/ Tyndall Effect: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyndall_effect More on scattering: http://www.itp.uni-hannover.de/~zawischa/ITP/scattering.html A CRAZY bird that uses interference on its feathers to look awesome: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nS1tEnfkk6M Peacocks also use interference: http://www.webexhibits.org/causesofcolor/15C.html Fantastic Radio Lab about color terms: http://www.radiolab.org/2012/may/21/sky-isnt-blue/ Straight Dope on the history of color terms: http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/449/could-early-man-only-see-three-colors Mirror GIF: http://gifninja.com/animatedgifs/104659/where-is-everybody.gif my favorite color illusion: http://www.archimedes-lab.org/color_illusory_motion.html *************** http://www.Twitter.com/Tweetsauce http://www.Facebook./com/VsauceGaming Vsauce Tshirts: http://www.districtlines.com/vsauce music by: http://www.Soundcloud.com/JakeChudnow

my twitter: @tweetsauce my instagram: electricpants Sources and links to learn more below! I’m very grateful to mathematician Hugh Woodin, Professor of Philosophy and Mathematics at Harvard, for taking the time on multiple occasions to discuss this topic with me and help me wrap my (finite) head around it. I’m also grateful to David Eisenbud, the Director of the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI) and professor of mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley, for his help and for connecting me with Hugh Woodin. And of course, big thanks to Brady Haran who created the “mile of pi” seen in this video and connected me with all these mathematicians in the first place. His channel, Numberphile, is superb: https://www.youtube.com/user/numberphile BOOKS related to these topics that I used: “The Outer Limits of Reason” by Noson S. Yanofsky: http://amzn.com/0262019353 “Infinity and The Mind” by Rudy Rucker: http://amzn.com/0691121273 “Roads to Infinity” by John C. Stilwell: http://amzn.com/1568814666 “More Precisely: The Math You Need to Do Philosophy” by Eric Steinhart: http://amzn.com/1551119099 “Satan, Cantor and Infinity: Mind-Boggling Puzzles” by Raymond M. Smullyan: http://amzn.com/0486470369 classic book that helps introduce concept of axioms: “Introduction to the Foundations of Mathematics” by Raymond L. Wilder: http://amzn.com/0486488209 Hugh Woodin speaking about infinity at the World Science Festival: https://youtu.be/KDCJZ81PwVM?t=29m45s Names of large (finite) numbers: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_of_large_numbers Geoglyphs: The biggest number: https://goo.gl/maps/7GWcpnzo7iG2 Fovant badges: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fovant_Badges Battalion Park: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battalion_Park A mile of pi [VIDEO]: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0r3cEKZiLmg Wikipedia’s great visualization of ordinals out to omega^omega: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Omega-exp-omega-labeled.svg as seen on: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ordinal_number this is also a good page about ordinals: http://math.wikia.com/wiki/Ordinal_Number also: http://www.cut-the-knot.org/WhatIs/Infinity/Ordinals.shtml and: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Order_type and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Well-order Axioms: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axiom https://www.reddit.com/r/askscience/comments/30xokb/have_there_been_axioms_that_later_have_been/ http://philosophy.stackexchange.com/questions/5922/what-is-the-difference-between-dogma-and-an-axiom http://www.cs.umd.edu/~gasarch/BLOGPAPERS/belaxioms1.pdf http://www.cs.umd.edu/~gasarch/BLOGPAPERS/belaxioms2.pdf THE UNREASONABLE EFFECTIVENSS OF MATHEMATICS IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES [PDF]: http://www.maths.ed.ac.uk/~aar/papers/wigner.pdf https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Unreasonable_Effectiveness_of_Mathematics_in_the_Natural_Sciences Large Cardinal game based on 2048: http://cantorontheshore.blogspot.it/2014/10/one-reinhardt-and-counting.html Other good resources: http://quibb.blogspot.com/2012/01/infinity-first-transfinite-cardinal.html http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/set-theory/ http://cantorsattic.info/Cantor%27s_Attic http://cantorontheshore.blogspot.co.at/2014/09/artemis-fowl-and-large-cardinals_22.html http://isomorphism.es/post/10782081422/what-comes-after-infinity-transfinite-arithmetic-and-ord https://lukepalmer.wordpress.com/2007/06/14/the-lesser-of-infinitely-many-evils/ MUSIC BY: http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow http://www.audionetwork.com

The newest Mind Blow on Vsauce2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PkAIR5p9Ni8 LINKS AND SOURCES BELOW: FOLLOW MICHAEL STEVENS: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce music by http://www.youtube.com/Jakechudnow and http://www.audionetwork.com brusspup anamorphic illusions: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tBNHPk-Lnkk ANOMALOUS MOTION by Akiyoshi Kitaoka: http://www.ritsumei.ac.jp/~akitaoka/index-e.html http://www.psy.ritsumei.ac.jp/~akitaoka/motion12e.html "Out of Focus" by Akiyoshi Kitaoka: http://www.ritsumei.ac.jp/~akitaoka/plaidm2.jpg anomalous motion explanations: http://www.cs.unm.edu/~williams/cs591/explanation.html http://mathworld.wolfram.com/OuchiIllusion.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illusory_motion http://www.livescience.com/4950-key-optical-illusions-discovered.html how to make YOUR OWN anomalous motion images: http://www.wikihow.com/Create-an-Anomalous-Motion-Illusion Animal Collective illusion cover: http://diffuser.fm/animal-collective-merriweather-post-pavilion-50/ "illusion" etymology: http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=illusion really great "game" etymology image: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ethanhein/2850602827/sizes/o/in/photostream/ dazzle paint: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dazzle_camouflage "Command And Control" book: http://www.amazon.co.uk/Command-Control-Eric-Schlosser/dp/1846141486 Disneyland forced perspective: http://disneyparks.disney.go.com/blog/2011/04/beast-castle-behind-the-scenes-with-walt-disney-imagineers/ Birds use forced perspective: http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/notrocketscience/2010/09/09/male-bowerbirds-create-forced-perspective-illusions-that-only-females-see/#.UqDhW2RDtCp Müller-Lyer Illusion and culture: http://blogs.smithsonianmag.com/smartnews/2013/03/are-optical-illusions-cultural/ http://web.mit.edu/allanmc/www/socialperception14.pdf anamorphic illusions on street: http://www.deceptology.com/2011/05/slow-down-or-youll-kill-that-flat-kid.html http://www.ebaumsworld.com/pictures/view/80516104/ anamorphic illusions STUART TRAY: http://www.bbc.co.uk/arts/yourpaintings/paintings/the-secret-portrait-of-prince-charles-edward-stuart-167681 http://www.westhighlandmuseum.org.uk/collections/the-jacobites/secret-portrait/ Titanic and recovered bodies: http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/titanic-victims/135/ Titanic and optical illusions: http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2012/04/10/science/titanic.html?_r=0 http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/Did-the-Titanic-Sink-Because-of-an-Optical-Illusion.html?c=y&page=1&navigation=previous#IMAGES http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fata_Morgana_(mirage) Tooth-drilling and optical illusions: http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0077343 http://io9.com/an-optical-illusion-is-making-dentists-drill-holes-that-1459391735 The End of History illusion: http://www.wjh.harvard.edu/~dtg/Quoidbach%20et%20al%202013.pdf http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/04/science/study-in-science-shows-end-of-history-illusion.html?_r=0 http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2013/01/10/we-underestimate-our-changes-the-end-of-history-illusion/ The illusion of control: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1348/096317903321208880/abstract a bunch of neat illusions: http://www.gla.ac.uk/schools/humanities/research/philosophyresearch/cspe/illusions/ Architectural illusions: http://weburbanist.com/2008/10/22/architectural-optical-illusions-distortions-designs/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forced_perspective http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perspective_distortion_(photography) Ames room: http://img6.joyreactor.com/pics/post/gif-mindfuck-Ames-room-958726.gif

Watch my FIELD DAY video, “Home Sweet Whittier”: http://bit.ly/1QKKcuo And subscribe to FIELD DAY!! http://www.youtube.com/fieldday Jake and Kevin will be doing field days soon!! LINKS, SOURCES, and MORE are below: This video was shot in beautiful Bucharest, Romania :) my twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce my instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants music by http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow and http://www.audionetwork.com “How Old Can We Get?” Vsauce1 video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6LyCC6jjcx8 The Universal History of Numbers: http://www.amazon.com/The-Universal-History-Numbers-Prehistory/dp/0471375683 Highest number counted to with one breath: https://recordsetter.com/world-record/highest-number-counted-breath/17691 Highest number counted to: https://recordsetter.com/world-record/highest-number-counted-to/13623 Video of Harper reaching one million: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_aqCC2PVNcA Jon Counts to 100,000 (part 1): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KMDjQHzRj6U Jon Eats Carrots: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCVgEzGuc7zYLI0fi4rSNnGQ Jon Drinks Water: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC15CpXEtQ4DH6UCE7kNcQOA PetitTube: http://www.petittube.com/ Vi Hart on logarithms and counting: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N-7tcTIrers Logarithmic perception: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weber%E2%80%93Fechner_law http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stevens%27_power_law Thinking logarithmically: http://www.radiolab.org/story/91698-innate-numbers/ https://www.khanacademy.org/math/algebra2/exponential_and_logarithmic_func/log_functions/v/vi-and-sal-explore-how-we-think-about-scale http://www.science20.com/news_articles/logarithm_versus_linear_thinking_why_our_brains_midpoint_1_and_9_might_be_3-94891 http://www.huffingtonpost.com/ben-thomas/whats-halfway-between-1-and-9-kids-and-scientists-say-3_b_1982920.html psychophysics of price: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/24098883_Market_Price_Variation_Perceived_Price_Variation_and_Consumers'_Price_Search_Decisions_for_Durable_Goods subitizing: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subitizing approximate number system: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Approximate_number_system numerical cognition: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Numerical_cognition Panamath ANS test: http://www.panamath.org/testyourself.php Planck Length: http://www.physlink.com/Education/AskExperts/ae281.cfm interactive “scale of the universe”: http://htwins.net/scale2/

Donate to Comic Relief’s SCHOOL OF YOUTUBE: http://comicrelief.com/SOYT THERE’S MORE! Click to watch the LEANBACK playlist: http://bit.ly/YwNHiF my twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce my instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants “7 Laws of Magical Thinking”: http://magicalthinkingbook.com/ “The Improbability Principle”: http://improbability-principle.com/the-improbability-principle-the-book/ Speed of light and pyramid coincidence: https://www.metabunk.org/threads/the-great-pyramid-of-giza-and-the-speed-of-light.2154/ Illinois lotto numbers: http://www.illinoislottery.com/en-us/winning-number-search-year.html#loadingImg2 Anagram genius website: http://www.anagramgenius.com Other anagrams: http://wordsmith.org/anagram/hof.html Michael Stevens illuminati tweet: https://twitter.com/vasilstefano/status/507611100594966528/photo/1 reverse speech sites: http://reversespeech.com/reversal/john-f-kennedy-assassination/ http://www.reversespeech.com/Children_Reversals.htm http://www.csicop.org/si/show/demon-haunted_sentence_a_skeptical_analysis_of_reverse_speech1/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_backmasked_messages virtual recorder app: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=ix.com.android.VirtualRecorder&hl=en Karsten Johansson phonetic palindrome poem: https://soundcloud.com/intruder-1/wei-touke Pareidolia: http://www.reddit.com/r/Pareidolia/ Apophenia as exhibited by a person with Schizophrenia: http://www.reddit.com/r/WTF/comments/2f182l/this_is_schizophrenia_album/ “may he poop on my knee?”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hOgALTFzFbQ iTunes shuffle: http://lifehacker.com/5929611/why-itunes-shuffle-isnt-random-and-how-to-fix-it dancing spiderman gif: http://factsvillage.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/spiderman-dancing.gif dancing ninja gif: http://imgur.com/jfzZFnf dancing gif sync explanation: http://www.radiolab.org/story/299399-why-spiderman-such-good-dancer/ Movie SYNCS: http://www.moviessynced.com/ http://www.ingsoc.com/waters/info/oz.html vague predictions: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postdiction http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cold_reading Disney World coincidence: http://www.insidethemagic.net/2010/06/voutsinas-relive-disney-magic-by-recreating-now-famous-childhood-photo/ Kennedy and Lincoln coincidences: lightning coincidence: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/statistician-david-j-hand-shows-how-the-seemingly-improbable-becomes-a-sure-thing/ Spooky coincidences contest: http://www.csicop.org/si/show/coincidences_remarkable_or_random/ Littlewood’s Law: http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Littlewood's_law http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2004/mar/25/one-in-a-million/

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